Students’ Problems with -Ed / -Ing Adjectives and Their Root Verbs: A Case Study with University Students


  • Recep Bilgin Tishk International University, Iraq



-ed / -ing Adjectives, Psych Verbs, Subject Experiencer, Object Experiencer


Psych verbs cause problems for learners of English as a foreign language, as in many other languages. The problem-causing aspect of these is that the person who is defined as the experiencer and who has the emotion is sometimes used in the sentence in the case of the subject and sometimes the object. Some problems arise when experiencer is used as an object in English. Foreign language learners sometimes think of these verbs as intransitive verbs, from which -ed / -ing adjectives derived. As a result, these verbs are also misunderstood. In our study with university students on this subject, it was concluded that students misunderstood the verbs from which these adjectives were derived. After these mistakes were corrected, it was seen that the subject was better understood by the students together with the corresponding lesson.


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How to Cite

Bilgin, R. (2022). Students’ Problems with -Ed / -Ing Adjectives and Their Root Verbs: A Case Study with University Students. Canadian Journal of Language and Literature Studies, 2(4), 1–12.